Exness Risk Disclosure

Trading forex and contracts for difference (CFDs) involves a significant level of risk and is not suitable for all investors. Before deciding to trade with Exness, it is essential to understand the risks involved, recognize your risk tolerance, and ensure you are fully aware of the potential financial consequences. This document aims to provide you with a comprehensive overview of the various risks associated with trading and to help you make informed decisions in your trading journey.

It is important to note that while Exness provides tools and resources to support your trading, the responsibility for your trading decisions and their outcomes lies with you. We strongly encourage you to seek independent financial advice if you are unsure about the risks and suitability of trading for your financial situation. Understanding and managing risks is a crucial aspect of achieving long-term success in trading.

General Risk Warning

Trading in forex and contracts for difference (CFDs) carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors. The use of leverage in trading can work both to your advantage and disadvantage. As a result, you may sustain losses in excess of your initial investment. It is important to understand that past performance is not indicative of future results.

You should carefully consider your trading objectives, experience level, and risk appetite before engaging in trading activities. The highly volatile nature of the financial markets can lead to substantial and unpredictable price movements, resulting in significant financial loss.

Exness provides no guarantees or assurances that trading activities will be profitable. You should be aware of all the risks associated with trading and seek advice from an independent financial advisor if you have any doubts. It is crucial to only trade with money you can afford to lose and to ensure you have a clear understanding of the potential risks involved.

By proceeding with trading, you acknowledge that you have read and understood this General Risk Warning and that you are willing to accept the associated risks.

Types of Risks

Market Risks

Market risks are inherent in all trading activities. These risks arise from fluctuations in the prices of financial instruments due to factors such as economic events, political instability, natural disasters, and changes in market sentiment. Market volatility can lead to significant price swings, which can result in substantial gains or losses. It is important to stay informed about market conditions and understand that unpredictable factors can greatly impact your trades.

Leverage Risks

Leverage allows traders to control a larger position with a smaller amount of capital. While leverage can amplify profits, it can also magnify losses. High leverage increases the potential for significant financial loss, which may exceed your initial investment. Traders should use leverage cautiously and consider their risk tolerance when choosing leverage levels.

Technical Risks

Technical risks involve issues related to the trading platform, software, and hardware used for trading. These risks include server downtimes, internet connectivity problems, software glitches, and cyberattacks. Such technical issues can prevent you from executing trades or accessing your account, potentially leading to financial loss. It is crucial to ensure that your trading systems are reliable and up-to-date.

Operational Risks

Operational risks are associated with the processes and systems involved in trading. These risks include order execution errors, delays, and failures to execute orders as intended. Human errors, system malfunctions, and inadequate internal controls can lead to operational risks. Understanding the trading platform’s functionality and having a contingency plan in place can help mitigate these risks.

Liquidity Risks

Liquidity risks arise when there is insufficient market activity to execute trades at the desired price. Low liquidity can result in wider spreads and slippage, where orders are filled at prices different from those expected. This can be particularly problematic during periods of high market volatility or when trading less liquid instruments. Traders should be aware of the liquidity conditions of the markets they trade in.

Credit Risks

Credit risks pertain to the financial stability of the broker and the counterparty to your trades. If the broker or counterparty fails to meet their financial obligations, you may experience delays in withdrawals or losses. It is essential to choose a reputable and regulated broker like Exness to minimize credit risks and ensure the security of your funds.

Regulatory and Legal Risks

Regulatory and legal risks involve changes in laws and regulations that can impact trading conditions. Governments and regulatory bodies may introduce new rules or restrictions that affect the financial markets and trading activities. Staying informed about regulatory developments and understanding the legal framework in your jurisdiction is important for managing these risks.

Psychological Risks

Trading can be emotionally challenging, and psychological risks stem from the impact of emotions on trading decisions. Fear, greed, overconfidence, and stress can lead to irrational decisions and significant financial losses. Maintaining discipline, following a trading plan, and developing a strong mental attitude are crucial for managing psychological risks effectively.

Specific Instrument Risks

Forex Risks

Trading forex involves significant risks due to the high volatility and complexity of the currency markets. Currency values can be influenced by a wide range of factors, including economic data, geopolitical events, central bank policies, and market sentiment. The use of leverage in forex trading can amplify both gains and losses. Additionally, forex markets operate 24 hours a day, which can lead to significant price movements during off-hours when market liquidity may be lower.

CFDs on Commodities Risks

Commodities, such as oil, gold, and other raw materials, are subject to unique risks. These include geopolitical events, natural disasters, changes in supply and demand, and market speculation. Commodity prices can be highly volatile, leading to rapid and substantial changes in market value. Trading CFDs on commodities also involves leverage, which can result in significant financial losses if market movements are unfavorable.

CFDs on Indices Risks

Trading CFDs on indices involves risks related to the performance of a group of stocks representing a particular market or sector. Indices can be affected by a wide range of factors, including economic indicators, corporate earnings reports, and broader market trends. Market sentiment and geopolitical events can also impact index values. Leveraged trading can magnify both potential profits and losses, increasing the risk of significant financial loss.

CFDs on Stocks Risks

Stock trading involves risks related to individual companies’ performance, industry trends, and overall market conditions. Company-specific news, such as earnings reports, management changes, and product launches, can lead to significant price movements. Broader economic conditions and market sentiment can also impact stock prices. Trading CFDs on stocks allows for leverage, which can amplify gains but also increase the risk of substantial losses.

CFDs on Cryptocurrencies Risks

Cryptocurrency trading is highly speculative and involves significant risks due to the extreme volatility and lack of regulation in the cryptocurrency markets. Prices can fluctuate wildly in short periods, leading to rapid and substantial financial gains or losses. Factors influencing cryptocurrency prices include technological developments, regulatory news, market sentiment, and macroeconomic trends. The use of leverage in cryptocurrency trading can further amplify the risks involved.

CFDs on Metals Risks

Metals, such as gold, silver, platinum, and palladium, are subject to risks related to supply and demand, geopolitical events, and economic conditions. Market speculation and changes in investor sentiment can also lead to significant price movements. Trading CFDs on metals involves leverage, which can magnify both potential gains and losses, increasing the risk of significant financial loss.

CFDs on Energies Risks

Energy markets, including oil and natural gas, are influenced by a variety of factors, such as geopolitical events, changes in production levels, weather conditions, and economic data. These factors can lead to high volatility and significant price swings. Trading CFDs on energies with leverage can amplify potential profits, but it also increases the risk of substantial financial losses.

Risk Management Strategies


Diversification involves spreading your investments across different assets, markets, or sectors to reduce exposure to any single risk. By diversifying your portfolio, you can mitigate the impact of adverse price movements in any one instrument. This strategy helps to balance the overall risk and potential returns.

Setting Stop-Loss Orders

A stop-loss order is a predefined price level at which your position will be automatically closed to prevent further losses. Setting stop-loss orders helps you manage risk by limiting potential losses on any given trade. It ensures that you do not hold onto losing positions for too long, protecting your capital from significant drawdowns.

Using Take-Profit Orders

A take-profit order is a predefined price level at which your position will be automatically closed to lock in profits. This helps you secure gains when the market moves in your favor. Using take-profit orders ensures that you capture profits at targeted levels, reducing the temptation to hold positions for too long and potentially miss favorable exit points.

Managing Leverage

Leverage can amplify both gains and losses. It is crucial to use leverage cautiously and within your risk tolerance. Consider using lower leverage ratios to reduce the risk of significant losses. Carefully evaluate the margin requirements and potential exposure before entering leveraged trades to ensure you can withstand market fluctuations.

Keeping a Trading Journal

Maintaining a trading journal helps you track and analyze your trades, identify patterns, and learn from past experiences. Documenting your trading decisions, outcomes, and emotions can provide valuable insights into your trading behavior and help you refine your strategies. A trading journal promotes discipline and continuous improvement in risk management.

Regularly Reviewing and Adjusting Strategies

Market conditions and personal circumstances change over time. Regularly reviewing and adjusting your trading strategies ensures they remain effective and aligned with your risk tolerance and financial goals. Stay informed about market developments, economic news, and regulatory changes that may impact your trades.

Using Position Sizing

Position sizing involves determining the appropriate amount of capital to allocate to each trade based on your overall account size and risk tolerance. Proper position sizing helps you manage risk by limiting the potential loss on any single trade. A common approach is to risk a fixed percentage of your trading capital on each trade, ensuring that no single loss significantly impacts your account.

Employing Hedging Techniques

Hedging involves taking offsetting positions in related instruments to reduce the risk of adverse price movements. For example, you might use options or futures contracts to hedge against potential losses in your primary trading positions. Hedging can help protect your portfolio from market volatility and unexpected events.

Staying Informed and Educated

Continuous education and staying informed about market trends, economic indicators, and trading strategies are essential for effective risk management. Participate in webinars, read market analysis reports, and follow reputable financial news sources. Knowledge empowers you to make informed decisions and adapt to changing market conditions.

Maintaining Emotional Discipline

Emotional discipline is crucial in managing psychological risks and making rational trading decisions. Avoid letting fear, greed, or overconfidence influence your trading actions. Stick to your trading plan, follow your risk management rules, and avoid impulsive decisions. Developing a strong mental attitude helps you stay focused and consistent in your trading approach.

Seeking Professional Advice

If you are uncertain about your trading strategies or risk management practices, consider seeking advice from a financial advisor or professional trader. Expert guidance can provide valuable insights, help you avoid common pitfalls, and improve your overall trading performance.

Regulatory and Legal Risks

Regulatory risks refer to the potential for changes in laws, regulations, and policies that can impact the financial markets and trading activities. Governments and regulatory bodies may introduce new rules or amend existing ones, affecting how brokers operate and how traders can engage in trading. These changes can create uncertainty and require traders to adapt to new requirements.

Impact of Regulatory Changes

Changes in regulations can lead to increased costs for compliance, restrictions on trading activities, and modifications to the terms and conditions offered by brokers. For instance, new leverage limits, margin requirements, or restrictions on certain trading practices can significantly affect trading strategies and profitability. It is essential to stay informed about regulatory developments and understand how they might impact your trading.

Jurisdictional Variations

Regulatory requirements can vary significantly between different jurisdictions. What is permissible in one country may be restricted or prohibited in another. Traders must be aware of the specific regulations that apply to their region and ensure they are compliant with local laws. Trading with a broker that is not regulated in your jurisdiction may expose you to additional risks.

Broker Licensing and Regulation

Choosing a broker that is properly licensed and regulated is crucial for minimizing regulatory risks. Regulated brokers are subject to stringent oversight by financial authorities, ensuring they adhere to industry standards and protect clients’ interests. Exness, for example, is regulated by multiple authorities, including the Financial Services Authority (FSA) in Seychelles, the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC), and the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) in the UK, among others.

Compliance with Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Know Your Customer (KYC) Policies

Regulated brokers must comply with AML and KYC policies to prevent financial crimes such as money laundering and fraud. This involves verifying the identity of clients, monitoring transactions for suspicious activity, and maintaining records. Traders may be required to provide personal information and documentation to meet these requirements. Non-compliance can lead to account restrictions or closure.

Legal Risks and Dispute Resolution

Legal risks arise from the potential for disputes between traders and brokers. Issues such as order execution, account management, and withdrawal processes can lead to disagreements. It is important to understand the legal recourse available in case of disputes. Exness, for instance, is a member of the Financial Commission, an independent dispute resolution organization that provides a neutral platform for resolving trader-broker conflicts.

Protection of Client Funds

Regulated brokers are required to segregate client funds from their own operational funds. This ensures that client funds are protected and available for withdrawal even if the broker faces financial difficulties. Understanding how your broker handles client funds and ensuring they are held in segregated accounts can mitigate the risk of losing your capital.

Impact of Regulatory Investigations and Actions

Regulatory investigations and enforcement actions against a broker can have serious consequences for traders. These actions can lead to fines, sanctions, or the suspension of the broker’s license, disrupting trading activities. Staying informed about your broker’s regulatory status and any ongoing investigations is essential for assessing the stability and reliability of your trading environment.

Cross-Border Trading and Taxation

Engaging in cross-border trading can introduce additional regulatory and legal complexities. Different tax laws, reporting requirements, and regulations may apply to your trading activities. It is important to understand the tax implications of your trades and ensure compliance with all relevant tax laws to avoid legal issues and penalties.

Mitigating Regulatory and Legal Risks

To mitigate regulatory and legal risks, traders should:

  • Choose a reputable and regulated broker.
  • Stay informed about regulatory changes and how they affect trading.
  • Ensure compliance with local laws and regulations.
  • Understand the broker’s policies on client fund protection and dispute resolution.
  • Seek professional advice if needed, particularly for cross-border trading and tax matters.

Exness Risk Mitigation Measures

Multiple Regulatory Licenses

Exness operates under the oversight of several reputable financial regulatory authorities. These include:

  • Financial Services Authority (FSA) in Seychelles
  • Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC)
  • Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) in the UK
  • Financial Services Commission (FSC) in the British Virgin Islands
  • Financial Sector Conduct Authority (FSCA) in South Africa
  • Capital Markets Authority (CMA) in Kenya

These regulatory bodies ensure that Exness adheres to strict standards of financial conduct, transparency, and client protection, providing a secure trading environment.

Segregated Accounts

Exness maintains segregated accounts to ensure that client funds are kept separate from the company’s operational funds. This practice protects client assets in the event of the company facing financial difficulties, ensuring that traders can access their funds at any time.

Negative Balance Protection

Exness offers negative balance protection to all clients. This means that traders cannot lose more than their initial investment. In the event of extreme market volatility leading to negative account balances, Exness will reset the balance to zero, preventing traders from incurring debt.

Risk Management Tools

Exness provides a range of risk management tools to help traders manage their exposure and protect their capital. These tools include:

  • Stop-Loss Orders: Automatically close positions at predetermined loss levels to limit potential losses.
  • Take-Profit Orders: Lock in profits by closing positions at predetermined profit levels.
  • Trailing Stops: Adjust stop-loss levels automatically as the market moves in favor of the trader, protecting profits while minimizing risks.

Leverage Control

Exness allows traders to adjust their leverage levels according to their risk tolerance and trading strategy. By offering customizable leverage, traders can manage their exposure and reduce the risk of significant losses. The company also adheres to regulatory leverage limits to ensure responsible trading practices.

Comprehensive Educational Resources

Exness provides a wealth of educational resources to help traders improve their knowledge and skills. These resources include:

  • Webinars and video tutorials
  • In-depth articles and guides
  • Market analysis and research reports
  • Trading tools and calculators

Access to quality educational content empowers traders to make informed decisions and manage risks effectively.

Advanced Trading Platforms

Exness offers advanced trading platforms such as MetaTrader 4 (MT4) and MetaTrader 5 (MT5), equipped with robust features for risk management and analysis. These platforms provide:

  • Real-time market data and charts
  • Technical analysis tools
  • Automated trading capabilities through Expert Advisors (EAs)
  • Risk management features like stop-loss and take-profit orders

Secure and Reliable Trading Environment

Exness prioritizes the security and reliability of its trading infrastructure. The company employs state-of-the-art technology to protect client data and ensure seamless trading experiences. Key security measures include:

  • SSL encryption for data transmission
  • Regular security audits and updates
  • Robust server infrastructure to minimize downtime and ensure fast execution

Transparent Trading Conditions

Exness maintains transparent trading conditions, providing clients with clear information about spreads, fees, and execution policies. The company’s commitment to transparency ensures that traders understand the costs and conditions associated with their trades, enabling better risk management.

Membership in the Financial Commission

Exness is a member of the Financial Commission, an independent dispute resolution organization. This membership provides an additional layer of protection for traders, ensuring that any disputes are resolved fairly and impartially. The Financial Commission also provides a compensation fund of up to €20,000 per client in case of a dispute settlement in the trader’s favor.

Client Responsibilities

Understanding the Risks

Clients are responsible for fully understanding the risks involved in trading forex and CFDs. This includes acknowledging the high potential for both significant gains and substantial losses. Clients should educate themselves about market volatility, leverage, and the specific risks associated with the financial instruments they choose to trade.

Conducting Due Diligence

Clients should perform due diligence before engaging in trading activities. This includes researching the broker’s regulatory status, understanding the terms and conditions of trading, and being aware of the broker’s policies on margin, leverage, and risk management. Selecting a reputable and regulated broker like Exness is crucial for minimizing risks.

Keeping Informed

Staying informed about market conditions, economic events, and geopolitical developments is essential for successful trading. Clients should regularly review financial news, market analysis, and other relevant information to make informed trading decisions. Utilizing resources provided by Exness, such as market updates and educational materials, can help in this regard.

Using Risk Management Tools

Clients are responsible for using available risk management tools to protect their investments. This includes setting stop-loss and take-profit orders, adjusting leverage levels appropriately, and diversifying their portfolios. Effective use of these tools can help mitigate potential losses and manage overall risk exposure.

Maintaining Adequate Capital

Ensuring that sufficient capital is available in the trading account to meet margin requirements and sustain potential losses is crucial. Clients should avoid over-leveraging their accounts and ensure they have enough funds to cover potential drawdowns. Trading with money that one can afford to lose is a fundamental principle of responsible trading.

Regularly Reviewing Trading Strategies

Clients should regularly review and adjust their trading strategies based on market conditions and personal financial goals. This includes evaluating the effectiveness of current strategies, making necessary adjustments, and staying adaptable to changing market dynamics. Continuous learning and improvement are key to successful trading.

Monitoring Account Activity

Clients are responsible for actively monitoring their trading accounts. This includes regularly reviewing open positions, margin levels, and account balances. Keeping track of account activity helps in making timely decisions and avoiding unexpected losses due to market fluctuations or margin calls.

Complying with Regulatory Requirements

Clients must comply with all regulatory requirements and legal obligations in their jurisdiction. This includes providing accurate and complete information during the account opening process, adhering to anti-money laundering (AML) and know-your-customer (KYC) regulations, and reporting any changes in personal information promptly.

Managing Emotional Discipline

Maintaining emotional discipline is crucial for making rational trading decisions. Clients should avoid letting emotions such as fear, greed, or overconfidence influence their trading actions. Following a well-defined trading plan and sticking to risk management rules can help in maintaining emotional discipline and reducing impulsive decisions.

Seeking Professional Advice

If clients are unsure about any aspect of trading, they should seek professional advice. Consulting with financial advisors, tax professionals, or experienced traders can provide valuable insights and help in making informed decisions. It is important to understand one’s limitations and seek guidance when necessary.

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